TEACH YOUR CHILD
SELF-HELP SOUNDING
Service 4
Consulting
Analysis
Advice
Please allow  24 hours for response.
Decoding skills are skills your
child uses to sound out
words.  Skillful decoders have
good word attack skills when
learning unfamiliar words at
any given time.
A+
Parent
at
Work!
PRE-PRIMER
Consonants
b, c /k/, d, f, g /g/, h, j, l, m, n,
p, r, n, s, t, w
PRIMER
Consonant
k,v, y, z
Consonant Diagraphs
ch, sh, th,
Consonant Blends
pl, st, tr
Short Vowels
a,e,i,o,u
R-Controlled Vowels
er, or, ur, ar,
Spelling patterns
ow, et, an, ight, at, ay, all
FIRST GRADE
Consonant
x
Consonant Diagraphs
wh /h/, kn /n/, wr /r/, ck /k/
Consonant Blends
br, cr, dr, fr, fr, bl, cl, fl, sl, sc,
tw, ld, nd
Short Vowel
y
Long Vowels
a,e,i,o,u,y
Vowel Diagraphs
ay, ea, ee, oa, ow
Vowel Diphthongs
oi, oy, ow
Spelling patterns
alk, eigh, ind, old, ook
SECOND GRADE
Consonant
c /s/, g /j/
Consonant Diagraphs
ph /f/, tch /ch/, gn /n/, mb /m/,
dge /j/
Consonant Blends
gl, pr,qu /kw/, sk, sm, sn, sp, sw,
scr, sch, str, squ, thr, lk, wk
Vowel Diagraphs
ai, oo, ey, ew, ei, ie, ue
Vowel Diphthongs
ou, oy, au, aw
R-Controlled Vowels
ar, er, ir, or, ur, oor, ear, our
THIRD GRADE
Consonant Blends
spl, spr, ng, nt
Prefixes
dis, ex, im, in, pre, re, sub,
super, trans,
Suffixes
or, ous, tion, sion, ment, ty, ic,
al, able
Contractions
'd, 'll, 're, 'nt,  
Ex. we'd, we'll, we're, weren't
Note:  Any letters in /  / brackets represent the sound
that the letter or letters make.